Preliminary Programme

Wed 12 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 13 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Fri 14 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 15 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00

All days
Go back

Saturday 15 April 2023 08.30 - 10.30
M-13 ETH21 In and Out of India
C24
Network: Ethnicity and Migration Chair: Irial Glynn
Organizers: - Discussant: Irial Glynn
Nilanjana Bhattacharjee : Geographies of Exile: Situating the Motif of ‘Journey’ in Partition Remembrance from Barak Valley
This paper traces how the motif of ‘journey’ and ‘homelessness’ are recurrent in partition remembrance. Looking at the inter-generational nature of remembrance and forgetting, it looks at the role of mythmaking, geography and habitation in how the ‘past’ is constructed in Barak Valley. Framing the ‘journey’ as a watermark event ... (Show more)
This paper traces how the motif of ‘journey’ and ‘homelessness’ are recurrent in partition remembrance. Looking at the inter-generational nature of remembrance and forgetting, it looks at the role of mythmaking, geography and habitation in how the ‘past’ is constructed in Barak Valley. Framing the ‘journey’ as a watermark event that signalled their arrival into a landscape of partitioned-independence, the paper explores it as a site of re-imagination and articulation of identity, belongingness and memory across temporal spaces. The motif of ‘journey’ is therefore considered with respect to the inanimate and immovable such as the liminal landscape which comes to be re-imagined, reconfigured and embodying contested claims with the partition. The paper understands the partition as a chain of events with long term spatial and temporal affects as opposed to a singular cataclysmic event, to make sense of the geopolitical category of Barak Valley that in itself is an outcome of the partition in north-east India.

Juxtaposing fiction (Surma Gangor Pani, Ashraf Ali’s Homeland, The Man of Geramthan and Dhuliya, The Chronicle of Vyomkesh Kavyatirtha etc) and oral testimonials from Barak against the traditional archive, to frame the partition as a site of trauma encapsulating a constant sense of homelessness, my paper will offer a reading of how ‘violences’ and mythmaking operate, and are understood in the region. It relies on Michel de Certeau’s theory of ‘travel narratives’ to look at the ‘journey’, physical and metaphorical, of the displaced bodies into what I understand as a ‘geography of exile’ (borrowing from Debjani Segupta), marked by nostalgic recollections of home and hearth, material objects, kinship ties, rituals and the ‘journey’ through different rail stations, bus routes and time, that embody the loss of it all and the arrival of the displaced as bastuhara/udbastu in the new nation. In doing so, the paper brings to the fore the question of ethno-linguistic tensions, lack of conclusive rehabilitation and fear of persecution that infringe the conceptualisation of displaced identity and past and occur as ‘silences’ that predicate partition remembrance/forgetting in Barak. (Show less)

Matthijs Kraijo : Destined to leave Hindostan? Explaining the Motivation behind Repatriation and Settlement of Hindustani Labour Migrants in Suriname, 1873-1940
This article investigates the post-indenture choice of Hindustani indentured labour migrants in Suriname of either settling in Suriname or repatriating to India between 1873 and 1940. By basing on an extensive demographic statistical analysis and the autobiography of Rahman Mohammed Khan, this research concludes that familial relations, especially constructed in ... (Show more)
This article investigates the post-indenture choice of Hindustani indentured labour migrants in Suriname of either settling in Suriname or repatriating to India between 1873 and 1940. By basing on an extensive demographic statistical analysis and the autobiography of Rahman Mohammed Khan, this research concludes that familial relations, especially constructed in Suriname, has a strong effect on the relative share of Hindustanis settling themselves in Suriname after their contract period. Additionally, it is proved that the Surinamese context has had an important effect to the development of the individual life courses of Hindustanis. (Show less)

Liesbeth Rosen Jacobson, Maaike Derksen : Getting the Children Out: the Work of the Team Penerangan Warga Negara Belanda in Postcolonial Indonesia, 1957-1965
In the aftermath of Japanese occupation and the declaration of independence by Sukarno a remarkable situation came to exist in the Indonesian city Semarang. In the anti-Dutch circumstances of the end of the 1950s, the old colonial council for Social Affairs in Semarang was dissolved, however, a team called Penerangan ... (Show more)
In the aftermath of Japanese occupation and the declaration of independence by Sukarno a remarkable situation came to exist in the Indonesian city Semarang. In the anti-Dutch circumstances of the end of the 1950s, the old colonial council for Social Affairs in Semarang was dissolved, however, a team called Penerangan Warga Negara Belanda (literally translated as: ‘For the support and information of Dutch citizens’), was established to assist so-called spijtoptanten (regretting optants). Spijtoptanten were people in Indonesia who had initially chosen for Indonesian citizenship (during the option period between December 1949 and December 1951) and with that lost their Dutch citizenship, but regretted their choice when the situation in Indonesia in the second half of the 1950s grew worse for them.
The team consisted of three people. Maria Ter Kuile, a jurist who had been a prominent member of the Dutch community of Semarang in colonial times, Engelina Antonia Reuvekamp Gille-van Waard, and Antonius Verlaan, a Catholic missionary priest of the Missionarii a Sancta Familia (MSF). The Team was strongly embedded in Semarang´s society, and had strong ties to faith-based organisations managing care institutions such as the Protestant and Catholic orphanages. The group of Spijtoptanten, who the Team assisted, also included “orphaned” children of mixed descent residing in orphanages of Semarang for whom Indonesian citizenship had been chosen by the leaders during the option period. These children had rather diverse background: some of them were born during Dutch colonial times, while others were the fruit of sexual relations of Dutch soldiers fighting in the War of Independence between 1945 and 1949. Ter Kuile and her Team were particularly passionately tried to get these children out of Indonesia, and to the Netherlands, as they were convinced that there was no future for them in Indonesia. This turned out to be quite complicated in multiple cases. After the term of the special scheme designed for spijtoptanten had expired (01-04-1964) for considerable number of children they had to set their hopes on the ordinary aliens law. In the end, they tried by all means possible to send these children to the Netherlands and later even turned to intercountry adoption. This endeavour/activities was essentially rooted in the ideals of colonial civilizing mission, which was also to a great extent formed by catholic and protestant missionaries, a fact that is still not an integral part of Dutch colonial historiography. This paper aims to explain the existence of the Team in Semarang and sketch a more complete picture of child migration in post-colonial Indonesia and the involvement of Dutch missionaries. (Show less)

Shyamal Chandra Sarkar : International Boundary Problems between Berubari and Bangladesh (1947-1974)
South Berubari was a small town. It was located near Indo-Bangladesh border, in Jalpaiguri District of West Bengal. It was around 13 km south of Jalpaiguri, the district headquarters. Berubari Union No. 12, the focus of this study, had an area of 8.75 sq. miles and a population of ... (Show more)
South Berubari was a small town. It was located near Indo-Bangladesh border, in Jalpaiguri District of West Bengal. It was around 13 km south of Jalpaiguri, the district headquarters. Berubari Union No. 12, the focus of this study, had an area of 8.75 sq. miles and a population of ten to twelve thousand residents. After the division of India and Pakistan (1947), the people of South Berubari became involved in a prolonged agitation. The aims of this work to highlight how the problems between Berubari and Bangladesh raised and developed, what steps have been taken by both the countries for solved the problems and whether it success or not.
Key words: Berubari, Radcliffe award, Chhitmahal, Boundary, Agitations (Show less)



Theme by Danetsoft and Danang Probo Sayekti inspired by Maksimer