Preliminary Programme

Wed 12 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 13 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Fri 14 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 15 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00

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Saturday 15 April 2023 08.30 - 10.30
A-13 ELI12 Competition between and within Elites Groups, 18th to 19th Centuries
Victoriagatan 13, A243
Network: Elites and Forerunners Chair: Anna Soulsby
Organizers: - Discussants: -
Andrea Bergaz Alvarez : Self-promotional Strategies of a Transnational Agent at the Service of the Hispanic Monarchy: the 3rd Marquis of Los Balbases (1670-1679)
The so-called New Biographical History has undergone a remarkable development in recent years that has shed light on the possibilities offered by the biographical perspective to approach the economic, political, social and cultural dynamics of a given period. Following this historiographical current, and based on different archival sources, this paper ... (Show more)
The so-called New Biographical History has undergone a remarkable development in recent years that has shed light on the possibilities offered by the biographical perspective to approach the economic, political, social and cultural dynamics of a given period. Following this historiographical current, and based on different archival sources, this paper aims to analyze the self-promotion work carried out by Pablo Spínola Doria (c. 1632-1699) during his diplomatic period (1670-1679). This nobleman, grandson of Ambrosio Spínola and since 1659 3rd marquis of Los Balbases –a family with a nobili vecchi origin–, was one of the most prominent members of the Spanish-Genoese elite at the service of the Spanish king Charles II (1665-1700). Thus, I follow a transnational perspective that the study of these type of individuals requires, and an interdisciplinary approach. I draw on concepts from Foucault’s theory –soft power, soft coercion–, from Bourdieu’s sociology, or from the field of cultural psychology, among others. Cultural patronage –specifically the musical-theatrical one– played, in fact, a major role in the progress of the marquis’s cursus honorum. Hence, its analysis appears to be a very useful means of approaching his socio-political strategies, revealing several key elements of the action of this type of transnational elites, such as the importance of their economic capital in the development of their patronage, or the enormous political possibilities of their cosmopolitanism in the design of their cultural strategies.
I believe this is a relevant and appropriate case study, not only because Pablo Spínola is example of the kind of transnational, cosmopolitan and highly cultured elite at the service of the Hispanic Monarchy, but also because the socio-cultural practices and uses developed by Balbases are representative of a certain way of making politics and diplomacy in the second half of the 17th century, as well as of the nobiliary identity that was forging since the beginning of that century. (Show less)

Adrian-Bogdan Ceobanu : From Prefects to Governors. The Situation in Southern Bessarabia in 1878
In the summer of 1878, by the decisions of the Treaty of Berlin, the southern province of Bessarabia (Cahul, Ismail and Bolgrad counties) part of the Romanian territory, had to be returned to the Russian Empire, as a condition for recognizing the independence of the Romanian state. In October, the ... (Show more)
In the summer of 1878, by the decisions of the Treaty of Berlin, the southern province of Bessarabia (Cahul, Ismail and Bolgrad counties) part of the Romanian territory, had to be returned to the Russian Empire, as a condition for recognizing the independence of the Romanian state. In October, the same year, the Romanian administration left southern Bessarabia, being replace by the Russian administration. Therefore, at the level of political representation in the territory, the prefects were replaced by the governor of Bessarabia. In the present paper, I will try to follow some aspects: the evolution of political representation during 1878, how the transfer of power took place, and what were the new challenges of the Russian administration in an area mostly inhabited by Romanians. (Show less)

Radu Nedici : Reverend Canons vs. Venerable Archdeacons: Latin Honorifics, Organizational Practices and Elite Dynamics in the Greek Catholic Church in Transylvania, c. 1750–1800
During the second half of the eighteenth century the Greek Catholic Church in Transylvania acquired not only a distinct confessional identity that merged Latin dogma with Byzantine rite but also a more elaborate institutional organization. This latter process entailed a reshaping of its ecclesiastical elites, given the canons of the ... (Show more)
During the second half of the eighteenth century the Greek Catholic Church in Transylvania acquired not only a distinct confessional identity that merged Latin dogma with Byzantine rite but also a more elaborate institutional organization. This latter process entailed a reshaping of its ecclesiastical elites, given the canons of the cathedral chapter in Blaj gradually replaced the archpriests and the synod as the main collegiate body who assisted the bishop in the everyday running of the diocese. Although the inherent tensions surfaced time and again until at least the turn of the century, historians have generally neglected the evidence, focusing rather on the equally relevant conflict between the bishop and the Basilian monks from among whom the canons were recruited.
Set in the tradition of the Eastern Christianity but subject to a Catholic monarch and in full communion with Rome, the Greek Catholic Church offered a fertile ground for the transposition of objects and ideas from the West. My paper seeks to inquire on the role played by such imports in the competition between the new and the old elites. Language and words appear to have been instrumental in setting them apart and in signalling the social ambitions of the rising elite. By borrowing the Latin honorific 'Reverendissimus', the canons fashioned for themselves an upper tier in the hierarchy, one step above that of the archpriests. At the same time, the use of the Latin term 'archidiaconus' demoted its bearers, the protopopes, from the authority induced by the Slavonic appellation and shaped for them a subordinate position modelled on the hierarchy common of the Roman Catholic Church. Petru Maior’s defence of the archpriests’ rights in his 'Protopopadichia' (1795) proves that the linguistic transformation had been fully acknowledged as detrimental for the traditional elite and had induced the latter to take a theoretical position against innovations brought forward by the canons of the cathedral chapter. Owing to several other related initiatives of reform, however, this reaction came too late to make a difference, as the archpriests eventually succumbed to the impetus of the rival group. (Show less)



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