Ukrainian dissidents, known as "shistdesiatnyki", because they started operating in the 1960s, formed an informal movement of creative intelligence opposing the totalitarian system dominating in the USSR. Their activities focused on developing underground cultural and publishing activities, and defending human rights, including the right to develop national culture and pursue ... (Show more)
Ukrainian dissidents, known as "shistdesiatnyki", because they started operating in the 1960s, formed an informal movement of creative intelligence opposing the totalitarian system dominating in the USSR. Their activities focused on developing underground cultural and publishing activities, and defending human rights, including the right to develop national culture and pursue Ukraine's state independence. The aim of the project is to reconstruct the biographical experience of women from the Ukrainian dissident circle in the context of everyday life and opposition activities, taking into account the socio-cultural specificity of Ukraine in the totalitarian system of the USSR.
The analysis will cover issues related to determining the biographical profiles of the surveyed people, their patterns and authorities, trajectories and biographical changes, as well as ways of giving meaning. Subsequently, the analysis will base on identifying situations related to the experience of oppressive power and practices of a resistance nature, but also for creating social support networks, in conjunction with a critical assessment of social reality. The gender of the surveyed people is here key importance in the sense of "gendering" of resistance practices, especially in connection with everyday life. This will be particularly important in the context of considerations on public and private space in the view of Nancy Fraser, who contest the thesis of Jürgen Habermas that discourse in public space should exclude private problems.
The research is based primarily on the analysis of 30 biographical interviews that I conducted with surviving participants of the Ukrainian dissident movement. The supplement will be a qualitative analysis of the content of period documents (publications, memories, letters) regarding biographical elements.
The concepts related to the method of autobiographical and narrative interview by Fritz Schütz will be used. Such interview consists of 3 parts: free narration of the examined person, questions clarifying the narrative and previously prepared research questions. The analysis of the interview begins with determining the course of events (free narrative does not proceed chronologically) and recreating the narrator's awareness. Then he focuses on determining biographical and institutional patterns of action, trajectories ? biographical processes related to the experience of coercion of external circumstances, and biographical transformations ? positive life changes.
The analysis will be complemented by the application of the approach of Alessandro Portelli, which emphasizes the impact of interaction between the narrator and researcher during the interview - meaning is given in specific circumstances of the interview (dialogic performance), as well as categories introduced by Jean-Claude Kaufmann: recurring sentences and contradictions showing what was not told directly.
This project will fill the research gap, introducing the topic to a wider field of issues related to the functioning of public and private space, resistance categories and social support. Giving voice to women will help complete social history by showing its unexplored aspect. Investigating and describing the biographical experience of Ukrainian dissidents will form the basis for further analysis of this issue as part of a universal phenomenon in the field of resistance, as well as social support in totalitarian systems. (Show less)