65 years after the Hungarian revolution of 1956 we can get new details about it from the documents held in the Ukrainian archives. The KGB documents held in the State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine and the State Archive of Transcarpathian Oblast give evidence about the deportation of ... (Show more)
65 years after the Hungarian revolution of 1956 we can get new details about it from the documents held in the Ukrainian archives. The KGB documents held in the State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine and the State Archive of Transcarpathian Oblast give evidence about the deportation of Hungarian revolutionists to the Soviet Union. More than one thousand people were held in the prison of Ukraine, in Transcarpathia region from December 1956 to January 1957.
From the political perspective Transcarpathia and its population had two main roles: on the one hand, the location served as a military terrain for the fights in Hungary. While on the other hand, the Soviet leadership often needed the help of the local Hungarian population for interpretation.
he Soviet political leadership, that led the crushing of the revolution, settled in Uzhgorod. There was even a military telephone exchange centre for the direct connection to Moscow and to Budapest. The Committee for State Security (KGB) leaders, and high-ranking officers delegated from Moscow to Transcarpathia constantly informed the Soviet Union Communist Party’s Central Committee and Secretariat. Even the Deputy Interior Minister, M. Holdkov arrived to Uzhgorod.
The so-called Kádár’s speech from Szolnok, Hungary which was the call of the Hungarian Revolutionary Working-Peasant Government to the Hungarian people, was also transmitted from Uzhgorod, Ukraine.
According to current facts, the Transcarpathian events of 1956 resorted to the Hungarian ethnicity’s actions and movements. Despite the fact that the majority of the Transcarpathian events were symbolic expression of solidarity, the currently processed archived documents revealed, that a sum of 46 people faced judiciary procedure. From which 18 were found guilty, and spent a total amount of 24 years in prison, eight more were expelled from university, and one person, Endre Geche, a protestant pastor, were killed during the interrogation.
Lots of data prove that members of the Hungarian State Security Authority escaped to Transcarpathia in the days of the revolution and some leaders as well. Among others: András Szobek, former minister of ingathering, János Matolcsi, former minister of agriculture, Oszkár Bethlen, the former editor of Szabad Nép (Free Folk), István Csáki, the former head of the MDP party school in Szolnok county, and the former deputy secretary of the Szolnok county MDP party committee, Dr. László Háy, the former chairman of the Hungarian National Bank, Zoltán Fodor, the head of the Department of International Affairs of the Hungarian Labour Party, and many others. The officers who stayed in Transcarpathia, took part in the interrogations of the Hungarians deported in 1956, in the prison of Uzhgorod. Among them was Gyorgy Vegh form Nyíregyhaza, the Head of the Department Hungarian State Security Authority. (Show less)