Preliminary Programme

Wed 18 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 19 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Fri 20 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 21 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.00 - 17.00

All days
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Wednesday 18 March 2020 08.30 - 10.30
G-1 CUL01 (Visual) Images & (Collective) Memory
P.N. van Eyckhof 3, 005
Network: Culture Chair: Ville Kivimäki
Organizer: Olli Kleemola Discussant: Ville Kivimäki
Eemeli Hakoköngäs : Constructing the Imagined Collective Past in the Internet Memes of Nationalist Protest Movements in Finland
This study focuses on the role of internet memes in the communication of two nationalist protest movements in Finland. The original research material consists of 426 memes posted by Finland First and Soldiers of Odin between the years 2015–2017. History and mythology were identified as two central rhetorical devices used ... (Show more)
This study focuses on the role of internet memes in the communication of two nationalist protest movements in Finland. The original research material consists of 426 memes posted by Finland First and Soldiers of Odin between the years 2015–2017. History and mythology were identified as two central rhetorical devices used in the memes. The study focuses on 98 memes referring to national past and myths such as the Finnish national epic Kalevala. The study shows that the memes using history as a dominant rhetorical device refer only to a group of selected topics from the past, especially the World War II. Rhetorically history is used as an analogy, to parallel the present situation to the past and to arouse either anger or a feeling of nostalgia: that things were somehow better in previous times. The images depicting war also work as arousers of national pride and remind people of the sacrifices of past generations. Selective use of documentary images such as historical photographs is accompanied with images basing on imagined history. Rhetorically mythology and popular media presentations provide an opportunity to create a mythical narrative to explain the existence of the protest movements – to construct their own history.
Keywords: history politics, visual rhetoric, nationalism, history representations, visual studies (Show less)

Marika Honkaniemi : Storing and Conveying: Private War Photo Album as a Medium of Memory and Memories
The paper demonstrates how a private photo album stores and conveys memory and memories. In the case example, the analysis is based on the unique war photo album that was compiled by Pentti Perttuli, a soldier who fought in the Finnish army against the Soviet Union during the Second World ... (Show more)
The paper demonstrates how a private photo album stores and conveys memory and memories. In the case example, the analysis is based on the unique war photo album that was compiled by Pentti Perttuli, a soldier who fought in the Finnish army against the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The album’s photographs were taken by Perttuli himself during the years of war in 1941–1944 in Finland. As he arranged the photographs in the pages of his album, he also wrote short memoirs next to the photos. The album has been filed in a small tradition archive that specializes in gathering wartime memoirs. It is unfortunate, however, that the archive’s material has been somewhat hidden from the academia. That is also why Perttuli’s album has never been a subject of scientific research.
By considering the album as a unique combination of photographs and text, but also archival memory studies, the main questions addressed are: How does Perttuli’s album store and convey memory and memories of the war? What is characteristic for analysing war photo albums, memory and archives?
The paper not only focuses on the album’s context and its photographs but most importantly also utilizes archival memory studies as a base for analysing the album as an entity. In addition, my paper also studies memory’s continuity: how can we try to reconstruct or even approach Perttuli’s objectives, aims or subjective experiences by studying over a seventy-year-old war photo album?
Keywords: photo albums, memory studies, archival studies, war photography (Show less)

Olli Kleemola : Finland in Photobooks
The study examines the visual narrative of Finland which was constructed in numerous photobooks aimed at an international audience. In my presentation I analyse the photographic narrative on the past and present of the country included in photobooks published during the 20th century in order to promote Finland as a ... (Show more)
The study examines the visual narrative of Finland which was constructed in numerous photobooks aimed at an international audience. In my presentation I analyse the photographic narrative on the past and present of the country included in photobooks published during the 20th century in order to promote Finland as a travel destination. (Show less)

Andrea Pruchova : Learning and Teaching Visual Canon: Pictorial Stereotypes and Myths of the Modern Czech History Displayed in Communist and Post-communist Textbooks
The paper discusses the relationship between the visual culture and the official memory of the modern past of the Czech Republic presented by the state through the medium of history textbook. Its theoretical framework lies in two fundamentally interdisciplinary concepts: critical iconology (Mitchell, 1994; Rose, 2012) and hybrid models of ... (Show more)
The paper discusses the relationship between the visual culture and the official memory of the modern past of the Czech Republic presented by the state through the medium of history textbook. Its theoretical framework lies in two fundamentally interdisciplinary concepts: critical iconology (Mitchell, 1994; Rose, 2012) and hybrid models of cultural memory (Schmidt, 2000; Erll, 2011; Erll & Rigney, 2012). Such a complex approach prevents it from treating historical images exclusively as transparent records of past reality. On the contrary, it reveals their second nature as tools of re-constructing the past (van Leeuwen & Jewitt, 2001, Mietzner, 2005, Kukkonen, 2011). Based on the chosen theoretical perspective the paper considers images in history textbooks to be the tools of reproduction of norms and values, of distribution of cultural capital and, in particular, of dissemination of contents of cultural memory.
The presentation focuses on visual representations of four transformative historical events of the modern Czech and Czechoslovak history: 1918 (foundation of the independent Czechoslovakia), 1938 (the Nazi occupation), 1948 (the communist putch) and 1968 (the Soviet invasion). It compares the visual content of communist (1967, 1973, 1982, 1983, 1983) and post-communist textbooks (1995, 1996, 1999, 1999, 2000, 2009, 2011) by using the mixed method approach, combining visual content analysis, semiotic and social semiotic analysis.
The paper presents 34 repetitively displayed images, which, in relation to Hirsch’s concept (2000), are called visual figures of Czech modern history. Despite the difference in
the visual content displayed in communist and post-communist textbooks, there are 12 visual figures circulating in textbooks regardless of the different political and ideological orientation of the state. The presentation discusses how the visual figures of memory follow the current political and ideological state of the country as well as it elaborates more on the existence of a visual collective memory of Czech and Czechoslovak modern history, which, until now, has been merely overlooked in its role of a formative social agent of political, social and civic values.
Keywords: visual history, representation, political transformation, history textbook (Show less)



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