Preliminary Programme

Wed 18 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 19 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Fri 20 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 21 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.00 - 17.00

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Wednesday 18 March 2020 08.30 - 10.30
H-1 SOC19 New Research on INGO's
Johan Huizinga, 004
Network: Social Inequality Chairs: -
Organizers: - Discussant: Anne Berg
Maria Cullen : Humanitarian Aid- a Tool of the Menigistu Regime? A Comparative Analysis of Oxfam and Medecins Sans Frontieres’ Emergency Responses to the Ethiopian Famine, 1984-1986
The catastrophic Ethiopian famine of 1984 remains one of the few humanitarian crises in the Global South to so heavily penetrate the global conscience. However, while it was largely portrayed by agencies as a simple tale of food deprivation due to drought, the reality was far more complex. Given the ... (Show more)
The catastrophic Ethiopian famine of 1984 remains one of the few humanitarian crises in the Global South to so heavily penetrate the global conscience. However, while it was largely portrayed by agencies as a simple tale of food deprivation due to drought, the reality was far more complex. Given the highly contested political environment, which involved the Ethiopian state’s military confrontation with separatist regions, what were the actual effects of aid on the ground? When NGOs became involved in the state’s forced resettlement programme, to what extent can we say that they became a tool of Mengistu’s counter-insurgency strategy? This paper will analyse the divergent responses of Oxfam and MSF to resettlement, which reflected disagreements over whether to publicly condemn the forced nature of the policy. While MSF spoke out about resettlement and subsequently got expelled from the country, Oxfam chose to stay silent in order to prioritise the maintenance of access to victims. This paper will examine Oxfam and MSF’s differing conceptions of ethical action in terms of their operationalisation of the principles of independence and neutrality.
This will reveal the overlapping influences of organisational identity and national political culture on their decision-making in the field. (Show less)

Agata Troost, Marco van Leeuwen : War and Peace and INGOs
There was a boom in starting new international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) in the second half of the 19th century, and since then the international trend of organised cooperation almost never slowed down. Almost: we can observe a significant drop in the number of INGOs being founded and an increase of ... (Show more)
There was a boom in starting new international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) in the second half of the 19th century, and since then the international trend of organised cooperation almost never slowed down. Almost: we can observe a significant drop in the number of INGOs being founded and an increase of INGOs ceasing to exist, per year, in the periods around the two World Wars (1914-1918 and 1939-1945). But are the wars themselves the main cause of these changes, or is the tense political situation preceding a war to blame? And which organisations are particularly vulnerable to a hostile diplomatic climate: those with less resources, with more universalistic aims, or maybe those with especially internationally-oriented topics? Thanks to a unique dataset based on the Yearbook of International Organisations, published by the Union of International Associations (UIA), we can answer such questions by interpreting the results of statistical analyses in their historical context. This study provides crucial insights into the influence of inter-state politics on smaller scale non-governmental international organisations and therefore contributes to our understanding of war and peace beyond their usually studied backdrops. (Show less)



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