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Wednesday 18 March 2020 11.00 - 13.00
X-2 SOC01 Meet-the-authors: the Changing Meanings of the Welfare State (Histories of a Key Concept in the Nordic Countries)
Matthias de Vrieshof 4, 008A
Network: Social Inequality Chair: Tymofii Brik
Organizers: Tymofii Brik, Nils Edling Discussants: Pirjo Markkola, Hagen Schulz-Forberg
Per Haave : The Winding Road of the Norwegian ‘Welfare State’
Once a utopian concept describing future society, “the welfare state” is nowadays widely used by politicians and academics to portray contemporary Norway. It is also a highly valued keyword in political debates on the origin and development of modern Norway, yet academics have found it hard to define exactly. The ... (Show more)
Once a utopian concept describing future society, “the welfare state” is nowadays widely used by politicians and academics to portray contemporary Norway. It is also a highly valued keyword in political debates on the origin and development of modern Norway, yet academics have found it hard to define exactly. The present study is based on a large corpus of published texts - mainly newspapers, books, party programs, and parliamentary proceedings - that for the most part is digitalized. It tells a story of contestation and decontestation until “the welfare state” eventually achieved the status of a national identity marker towards the end of the twentieth century. (Show less)

Gudmundur Jonsson : The Evolving Concept of the Welfare State in Icelandic Politics
Providing economic and social security has been one of the fundamental features of state activity in Iceland during the 20th century. The rise of modern social politics occurred at about the same time as in the other Nordic countries, towards the end of the 19th century, in response ... (Show more)
Providing economic and social security has been one of the fundamental features of state activity in Iceland during the 20th century. The rise of modern social politics occurred at about the same time as in the other Nordic countries, towards the end of the 19th century, in response to upheavals associated with industrialization, urbanization and labor-force differentiation. This chapter discusses various forms of welfare programs and services emerged in the course of the century. (Show less)

Pauli Kettunen : The Conceptual History of Welfare State in Finland
In Finland, after the era of the expanding welfare state, the notion of the welfare state as a creation of a joint national project has strongly emerged. Such a notion seems to be shared in Finland more widely than in other Nordic countries, especially in Sweden, where a hard struggle ... (Show more)
In Finland, after the era of the expanding welfare state, the notion of the welfare state as a creation of a joint national project has strongly emerged. Such a notion seems to be shared in Finland more widely than in other Nordic countries, especially in Sweden, where a hard struggle opened up between the Social Democrats and the right-wing parties over ownership of the history of the welfare state. This may seem paradoxical, as still in the early 1990s Finnish social policy researchers could, with good reason, argue that in Finland the concept of welfare state (hyvinvointivaltio) did not play as significant a role as did välfärdsstat in Sweden. This chapter addresses the following questions. How did the actors defining social problems and solutions conceive of what was later discussed as the history of the welfare state in Finland? How were ‘welfare’ and ‘state’ – notably the Swedish and Finnish equivalents of these terms – included in these conceptualizations? From these questions, the discussion proceeds to the emergence of the concept of a welfare state; to the criteria for the situations in which the term is used; to its range of references; and to the contested valuations associated with the term. Finally, political charges associated with the distinction between the welfare state and welfare society are examined. The research material consists of texts discussing social policies, including pamphlets, handbooks and textbooks written by social policy scholars, party manifestos, minutes of (Social Democratic) party congresses, government programmes and journals and newspapers, with the last-mentioned material being (in June 2017) covered until 1920 by the digitized newspaper archive of the Finnish National Library. (Show less)

Klaus Petersen : The Concept of ‘Welfare State’ in Danish Public and Political Debates|
This chapter traces the transnational and comparative history of the concept "welfare state" in Germany, Britain, the US and Denmark since the mid 19th Century and until the 1960s. Besides studying the origins (and original meanings) special emphasis is on the postwar period where the welfare state in the Anglo-Saxon ... (Show more)
This chapter traces the transnational and comparative history of the concept "welfare state" in Germany, Britain, the US and Denmark since the mid 19th Century and until the 1960s. Besides studying the origins (and original meanings) special emphasis is on the postwar period where the welfare state in the Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian world becomes well-established as a political concept. However, where it becomes a negative term (a "scare concept" president Truman argues) in the US, it becomes rather positive and popular in Britain and Scandinavia. These different outcomes can be explained by historical legacies (the pre-political meanings of the term), the influence of the Cold war as well as different national political landscapes. (Show less)



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