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Wed 18 March
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    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 19 March
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Fri 20 March
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    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
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Sat 21 March
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    16.00 - 17.00

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Wednesday 18 March 2020 14.00 - 16.00
L-3 LAB19 Welfare Capitalism in the 19th Century's Central Europe
Johan Huizinga, 023C
Networks: Economic History , Labour Chair: Martin Jemelka
Organizer: Zdenek Nebrensky Discussant: Martin Jemelka
Tomáš Gecko, Kristýna Kaucká : The Industrial Paternalism and the State Paternalism. Welfare Strategies and Educational Policy of Large Industrial Corporations in the Czech Lands (1873–1914)
Industrial paternalism, characterized by the interaction of the employer with his workforce outside of the normal employment contract, not only significantly enters the professional life of an industrial employee, but also his private life (dining, housing, healthcare, education) and urban space, i.e. creation of various welfare facilities which culminated in ... (Show more)
Industrial paternalism, characterized by the interaction of the employer with his workforce outside of the normal employment contract, not only significantly enters the professional life of an industrial employee, but also his private life (dining, housing, healthcare, education) and urban space, i.e. creation of various welfare facilities which culminated in building of company towns. In Central Europe, the social engineering inherent in these business strategies has gradually came into conflict with the central administration, for which social policy was one of the central legitimizing tools for the process of the state-building. This interventionist approach derived its roots not only from the theoretical system of the German historical school of economics, but also from the Central European absolutist state of order and prosperity, a hierarchical structure actively interfering with the private sphere of its subjects in order to protect the public security and to maintain the discipline. The proposed paper focuses on the ideological conflict contained in this concept of industrial paternalism, that is, not the entrepreneur but the state was considered as the exclusive guarantee of the social security. Using the example of the educational policy of large industrial corporations of the Czech lands (such as Vítkovice Mining and Iron Corporation and its company town of Vítkovice), the paper aims to demonstrate the behavioral patterns and negotiating strategies of the key historical actors of the Central European industrial paternalism at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries, i.e. the complex interaction between business entities, industrial workers and the Cisleithanian state. (Show less)

Svatopluk Herc : Welfare Capitalism in Bohemia: the case of the workers houses’ construction in Pilsen-Karlov, 1907-1916
This paper deals with the problem of welfare capitalism in the Habsburg Empire before the Great War. While welfare capitalism in the Western world is one of the long-term discussed topics, in Eastern Europe, respectively in the Bohemian lands, less attention has been paid to this phenomenon. In the Western ... (Show more)
This paper deals with the problem of welfare capitalism in the Habsburg Empire before the Great War. While welfare capitalism in the Western world is one of the long-term discussed topics, in Eastern Europe, respectively in the Bohemian lands, less attention has been paid to this phenomenon. In the Western world, industrial enterprises were the key actor of welfare capitalism. However, this study shows that state, provincial and district authorities could also play a role in the Bohemian lands. For example, one of the most important arms and engineering companies in the Habsburg Empire - Škoda Works in Pilsen in 1910 applied for tax exemption for the construction of 250 houses for 3 500 people. 1907 respectively 1910 the Reichsrat in Vienna and Landtag in Prag approved a special law that exempted the construction of workers' flats from certain taxes and charges. In this respect, the management of the Škoda Works provided financial savings. It has therefore begun to communicate with the state and provincial authorities on this matter, which have only conditionally approved the tax exemption. In the end, the ministerial authorities in Vienna had to make decisions.

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Zdenek Nebrensky : Welfare Facilities in the Central European Towns in the Second Half of the 19th Century
The paper focuses on the transformation of welfare facilities in the Central European towns in the second half of 19th century. It investigates the centers of textile industry that intertwined with production sites from India and Egypt, across Western Europe to America. The paper examines the structure of industrial towns, ... (Show more)
The paper focuses on the transformation of welfare facilities in the Central European towns in the second half of 19th century. It investigates the centers of textile industry that intertwined with production sites from India and Egypt, across Western Europe to America. The paper examines the structure of industrial towns, in relation to the efforts to command working population and control social life. The transformation of industrial towns together with the differentiation of public space and the rise of new welfare facilities was not crucial only in the interwar period of the 1920s and 1930s, as have been pointed out. The paper argues that the transformation of industrial towns and construction of welfare facilities resulted from the long-term historical development and it was connected with social policies of imperial state, regional authorities and municipalities. In this respects, the urbanization caused by rapid industrialization influenced the spatial order of buildings, social relations and welfare conditions in towns. Moreover, boundaries between the domestic and the working environments as well as the daily life of the employees’ families was changed fundamentally giving rise to new forms of domination and loyalties. (Show less)



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