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Wed 18 March
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Wednesday 18 March 2020 14.00 - 16.00
L-3 LAB19 Welfare Capitalism in the 19th Century's Central Europe
Johan Huizinga, 023C
Networks: Economic History , Labour Chair: Martin Jemelka
Organizer: Zdenek Nebrensky Discussant: Martin Jemelka
Tomáš Gecko, Kristýna Kaucká : The Industrial Paternalism and the State Paternalism. Welfare Strategies and Educational Policy of Large Industrial Corporations in the Czech Lands (1873–1914)
Industrial paternalism, characterized by the interaction of the employer with his workforce outside of the normal employment contract, not only significantly enters the professional life of an industrial employee, but also his private life (dining, housing, healthcare, education) and urban space, i.e. creation of various welfare facilities which culminated in ... (Show more)
Industrial paternalism, characterized by the interaction of the employer with his workforce outside of the normal employment contract, not only significantly enters the professional life of an industrial employee, but also his private life (dining, housing, healthcare, education) and urban space, i.e. creation of various welfare facilities which culminated in building of company towns. In Central Europe, the social engineering inherent in these business strategies has gradually came into conflict with the central administration, for which social policy was one of the central legitimizing tools for the process of the state-building. This interventionist approach derived its roots not only from the theoretical system of the German historical school of economics, but also from the Central European absolutist state of order and prosperity, a hierarchical structure actively interfering with the private sphere of its subjects in order to protect the public security and to maintain the discipline. The proposed paper focuses on the ideological conflict contained in this concept of industrial paternalism, that is, not the entrepreneur but the state was considered as the exclusive guarantee of the social security. Using the example of the educational policy of large industrial corporations of the Czech lands (such as Vítkovice Mining and Iron Corporation and its company town of Vítkovice), the paper aims to demonstrate the behavioral patterns and negotiating strategies of the key historical actors of the Central European industrial paternalism at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries, i.e. the complex interaction between business entities, industrial workers and the Cisleithanian state. (Show less)

Svatopluk Herc : Welfare Capitalism in the Austrian Silesia: the Case of the Vítkovice Ironworks' Orhpanage
This paper deals with an illustrious display of welfare capitalism in Vítkovice ironworks, i.e. an orphanage which was built for destitute children who had lost the father or both of their parents. Welfare capitalism (more often referred to as industrial paternalism in the Central European context) is characterized as the ... (Show more)
This paper deals with an illustrious display of welfare capitalism in Vítkovice ironworks, i.e. an orphanage which was built for destitute children who had lost the father or both of their parents. Welfare capitalism (more often referred to as industrial paternalism in the Central European context) is characterized as the initiative of industrial enterprises to provide their employees with economic, social, and cultural benefits and services which were required neither by law nor by an employment contract. These welfare benefits were usually complemented by extensive interventions of employers into the private life of the workers which aimed to discipline and to morally uplift them. One of the most socially progressive companies in the Habsburg Empire were Vítkovice ironworks in Ostrava. Vítkovice ironworks introduced far-reaching welfare programs which encompassed almost every aspect of workers’ lives (e.g. housing, health care, education, insurance policy, catering, leisure activities). The important part of enterprise’s welfare policies was the social care for employees’ children for whom the employers felt a special sense of responsibility. The most striking example was the construction of the orphanage in 1898. This orphanage was designated to accommodate fifty boys and fifty girls. The paper relates the founding of the orphanage not only to the philanthropic motives but also to a broader framework. The orphanage was established at the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I. and could be utilized to enhance the public image of the company. The paper draws attention to the paternalistic strategies of enterprise towards orphans as well. The orphans were objects of strong disciplinary and moralizing rules, set by the employer, which should mold them into disciplined, perspective workers and obedient citizens. The paternalistic binding was in this case very significant because the employer de facto substituted the children’s parents. The paper can be considered as the case study on the functioning of welfare capitalism in Central Europe. (Show less)

Zdenek Nebrensky : Welfare Facilities in the Central European Towns in the Second Half of the 19th Century
The paper focuses on the transformation of welfare facilities in the Central European towns in the second half of 19th century. It investigates the centers of textile industry that intertwined with production sites from India and Egypt, across Western Europe to America. The paper examines the structure of industrial towns, ... (Show more)
The paper focuses on the transformation of welfare facilities in the Central European towns in the second half of 19th century. It investigates the centers of textile industry that intertwined with production sites from India and Egypt, across Western Europe to America. The paper examines the structure of industrial towns, in relation to the efforts to command working population and control social life. The transformation of industrial towns together with the differentiation of public space and the rise of new welfare facilities was not crucial only in the interwar period of the 1920s and 1930s, as have been pointed out. The paper argues that the transformation of industrial towns and construction of welfare facilities resulted from the long-term historical development and it was connected with social policies of imperial state, regional authorities and municipalities. In this respects, the urbanization caused by rapid industrialization influenced the spatial order of buildings, social relations and welfare conditions in towns. Moreover, boundaries between the domestic and the working environments as well as the daily life of the employees’ families was changed fundamentally giving rise to new forms of domination and loyalties. (Show less)



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