Preliminary Programme

Wed 18 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 19 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Fri 20 March
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 21 March
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    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.00 - 17.00

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Wednesday 18 March 2020 16.30 - 18.30
Q-4 ELI11 Regions and Colonies II: Emerging Groups, Structures and Spaces
Lipsius, 227
Network: Elites and Forerunners Chairs: -
Organizers: - Discussant: Jacopo Lorenzini
Radu Nedici : From Subversive Leaders to Mainstream Rural Elites: the Orthodox Clergy inTransylvania in the Age of Theresian Toleration
In terms of the naked figures, the public rise of the Greek Orthodox Church in mid-eighteenth-century Transylvania happened at an impressive pace. From Empress Maria Theresa’s decree on toleration (1759) and the subsequent appointment of Dionisije Novakovic to head the newly recognized religious body (1761) to the retirement of that ... (Show more)
In terms of the naked figures, the public rise of the Greek Orthodox Church in mid-eighteenth-century Transylvania happened at an impressive pace. From Empress Maria Theresa’s decree on toleration (1759) and the subsequent appointment of Dionisije Novakovic to head the newly recognized religious body (1761) to the retirement of that same bishop (1767), more than half a million people openly identified themselves as Greek Orthodox, for whose spiritual needs some 1,200 priests were confirmed or ordained in close to 1,000 parishes. While convincing explanations for why this religious choice had proved so successful have already been given, it is the creation of the rural clerical elite in only a matter of years that still raises important questions about who they were and how they came to prominent positions within their communities of residence.
Reconstructing the collective biography of this social group is the main objective of my current research project ‘Dissent and toleration in Habsburg Transylvania: A socio-political history of the Orthodox protests (1740s–1760s)’, which also covers the decades of contention that lead to the establishment of the eparchy. The records created by the Habsburg state and those internal to the Transylvanian diocese provide historians with just enough elements to use prosopography as an investigative tool for better describing the Orthodox leadership. A relational database that will be made available online by the end of 2019 on the project’s website (www.dat18.ro) allows the piecing together of the scattered information concerning clerical careers, including name, age, birth place or residence, time and location of the ordination, social status, economic resources etc., thus escaping the gaps in knowledge that have until now plagued our understanding.
This data sample will be interrogated in order to answer two main questions: (i) to what extent was the rise of the Orthodox elite the result of religious conflict? and (ii) how did this new elite make the transition from the age of contention to the free exercise of religious belief, given the institutional changes of the early 1760s? Still in the early stages of my research, I contend that many of those who embraced the clerical career had previously fought at the forefront of religious dissent and that they did so in order to protect and enhance an already distinguished social and economic position at village level. The paper also considers the social mechanisms behind the process of elite formation in terms of both recruitment and validation, which acquire particular significance since the transformations involved just one generation. (Show less)

Mariarosaria Rescigno : Construction of Urban Space and Elites under Construction. Chieti between 18th and 19th Century
At the beginning of 19th century, in the Kingdom of Naples, local élites have engaged in the construc-tion of nineteenth century city, the modern city par excellence.
If this process inevitably translates into the attribution of a precise identity to urban places, it also has reflexes on the identity of those ... (Show more)
At the beginning of 19th century, in the Kingdom of Naples, local élites have engaged in the construc-tion of nineteenth century city, the modern city par excellence.
If this process inevitably translates into the attribution of a precise identity to urban places, it also has reflexes on the identity of those cities, giving rise to a sort of peculiar feedback.
The case to be proposed is that of Chieti, the chief town of a province of the Kingdom of Naples, Abruzzo Citeriore. This "capital", precisely because of some specificities, is a privileged observatory to in-vestigate the dynamics just mentioned.
At the time of the territorial reorganization, promoted by French dynasty, Chieti's specific weight emerges from the circumstance that is one of the centers whose rank of capital is confirmed. Alongside a relative functionality within the provincial space, in this reconfirmation it seems to play a role its dyna-mism, and in particular the capacity that Chieti's ruling class manages to express.
Being defined between the eighteenth and nineteenth century, that ruling class is noted in more than one sense. In fact, it combines with a considerable economic strength, not separated from a signifi-cant capacity of commercial enterprise, a high cultural profile. Finally, the adhesion to the "Monarchia amministrativa", introduced by French rulers, offers to those men a concrete space of representation.
The line that the natural interpreters of that élite, local administrators - the authorities who also had the task of compiling the municipal budgets – express in the direction of urban space construction, i.e. the orientation that they give to the expenditure – the different and privileged intervention fields – shows clearly the profile of that élite. (Show less)

Maciej Tyminski : The Regional Political Elites in the Time of Economic ‘Boom’ in Poland in the Early 1970s
The early 1970s was a period of huge investments in the economy and infrastructure in Poland, creation of new enterprises and renovation of the existing plants. The inflow of the capital had a great impact on the development of many regions, but also influenced the behavior and strategies of ... (Show more)
The early 1970s was a period of huge investments in the economy and infrastructure in Poland, creation of new enterprises and renovation of the existing plants. The inflow of the capital had a great impact on the development of many regions, but also influenced the behavior and strategies of the state and party administration. In this context the questions arise: how different agents operated in the changing institutional environment, and how the role of local Communist party apparatus in the sphere of economy was changing in this period (if any changes occurred).
Party apparatus occupied a very particular position in Soviet type states (including Poland). Its position, different from other hierarchies, arose from the importance that Leninist party held in proletariat dictatorship state. The power concentrated in Political Bureau of the Communist party, and regional party organization’s executives played similar role in their regions. The main objective of the paper is to examine methods of conduct of regional party apparatus. We name and present major strategies employed by party regional leaders. In this analysis basing on the archival sources we compare three regions which played different role in the Polish economy: Warsaw (the administrative center), Katowice (main industrial region) and Lublin (main agricultural region). We examine if and how the specificity of the regional economy influenced the strategies of the regional political elites.
The changes introduced in the early 1970s in Poland caused the evolution of local party officials’ behavior and their relations with the regional and central economic administration. The new investment project from the early 1970s lead to changes of behaviors and strategies of the local party apparatus members. In the paper we show that the regional political leaders focus on catching the investment fund in line with the branch lobbies represented in the region. We also demonstrate that the more successful were the political agents related to the industrial centers comparing to the leaders of agricultural ones. (Show less)

Scott Viallet-Thevenin : The Emergence and Structure of an Imperial Social Space - Elites in the French Colonial Empire from 1870 to 1939
This research aims at describing the emergence and structure of an imperial elite social space at the scale of the French colonial empire, from the 1870 to 1939. My main hypothesis is that the imperial space of power – drawing from the concept of field of power (Bourdieu, 2011) - ... (Show more)
This research aims at describing the emergence and structure of an imperial elite social space at the scale of the French colonial empire, from the 1870 to 1939. My main hypothesis is that the imperial space of power – drawing from the concept of field of power (Bourdieu, 2011) - is structured by the circulations of the individuals inside the colonial space and the interactions between elite groups participating to colonization project. This space has strong connections with the metropolitan field of power, but is distinct in terms of population, careers and structures.

Rather than selecting individuals, I propose to identify social groups - considered as social entities (Abbott, 2016) - engaged in the government of the colonial empire. I propose to grasp the space of imperial power through the three groups identified by Charle (1996) in 1900 for the metropolis: economic elite – the directors of the main colonial firms -, the administrative elite - the colonial governors and colonial inspectors in charge of inspecting the governors - and the armed forces - the generals commanding colonial troops. I add the political elite as represented by the members of parliament representing the colonies in the French Senate and National Assembly. The paper is build around a systematic comparison of these colonial elite groups together with comparable metropolitan elite groups, so as to highlight the special features of the imperial social space.
Drawing on biographical data drawn from individual career records and biographical dictionaries and analyzed through sequence and network analysis, I reveal the specific structure of that field. The analysis builds on a database containing the professional and geographical careers of the imperial elites.
The paper shows how the imperial space emerges and structures itself around the professionalization of the elite groups pertaining to it. That professionalization is fueled by the relatively popular origins of the imperial elites and their difficulty to have successful metropolitan careers and convert their colonial successes in the metropolis. It shows the institutionalization of that space around a domination of the economic and administrative elites.

Abbott, A. (2016). Processual sociology. University of Chicago Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. Champ du pouvoir et division du travail de domination. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, 2011, no 5, p. 126-139.
Charle, C. (2006). Les élites de la République. Fayard. (Show less)



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