Preliminary Programme

Wed 12 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 13 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Fri 14 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 15 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00

All days
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Wednesday 12 April 2023 08.30 - 10.30
Y-1 POL23 Collective Memory & War
Västra Hamngatan 25 AK2 138
Network: Politics, Citizenship, and Nations Chairs: -
Organizer: Olli Kleemola Discussant: Hannes Leidinger
Moderators: -
Marika Honkaniemi : From Memories to Collective Memory: Private War Photo Album as a Medium of Memory and Memories
This paper demonstrates how a private photo album stores and conveys memory and memories. In the case example, the analysis is based on the unique war photo album that was compiled by Pentti Perttuli, a soldier who fought in the Finnish army against the Soviet Union during the Second World ... (Show more)
This paper demonstrates how a private photo album stores and conveys memory and memories. In the case example, the analysis is based on the unique war photo album that was compiled by Pentti Perttuli, a soldier who fought in the Finnish army against the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The album’s photographs were taken by Perttuli himself during the years of war in 1941–1944 in Finland. As he arranged the photographs in the pages of his album, he also wrote short memoirs next to the photos. The album has been filed in a small tradition archive that specializes in gathering wartime memoirs. It is unfortunate, however, that the archive’s material has been somewhat hidden from the academia. That is also why Perttuli’s album has never been a subject of scientific research.
By considering the album as a unique combination of photographs and text, but also as a subject for archival memory studies, the main questions addressed are: How does Perttuli’s album store and convey collective memory and his personal memories of the war? What is characteristic for analysing war photo albums, memory and archives?
The paper not only focuses on the album’s context and its photographs but most importantly also utilizes archival memory studies as a base for analysing the album as an entity. In addition, the paper also studies memory’s continuity: how can we try to reconstruct or even approach Perttuli’s objectives, aims or subjective experiences by studying over a seventy-year-old war photo album?
Keywords: photo albums, memory studies, archival studies, war photography (Show less)

Silja Keva : 2nd World War in Japan’s Political Rhetoric – Focus on Parliamentary Narratives over the Contradictory Memories of War
War and collective memory continue to be difficult issues in Japan’s postwar politics. Japan has avoided thorough public examination of war blame and brutalities that took place between the 1910 annexation of Korea, occupation of large areas of East and Southeast Asia and Japan’s surrender in the Pacific War in ... (Show more)
War and collective memory continue to be difficult issues in Japan’s postwar politics. Japan has avoided thorough public examination of war blame and brutalities that took place between the 1910 annexation of Korea, occupation of large areas of East and Southeast Asia and Japan’s surrender in the Pacific War in 1945. Even today, different collective narratives of the war exist, ranging from the apologetic narrative, nuclear bomb victim narrative to the unapologetic narrative, that tries to downplay, whitewash and even deny atrocities such forced prostitution of women for the service of Japan’s Imperial Army. The long-dominating Liberal Democratic Party of Japan is one of the actors who would like Japan to stop remembering the war and especially stop apologizing for it. Many political statements that have undermined Japan’s war guilt have come from Japan’s parliamentarians and angered Japan’s neighbors China and Korea. Yet, parliamentarians have also been the first the rebuild relations to countries Japan occupied in the war. This paper studies how Japanese parliamentarians’ construct and reproduce narratives of Japan’s wartime past. Parliamentary debates are a key area of public national discussion, that not only have role in reproducing the domestic collective memory and narrative of the war, but also reflect it outside the country due to the high-level profile of parliamentarians as legislators. (Show less)

Olli Kleemola : War Veterans' Organisations and their Role in Forming Collective Memory in Germany and Finland after the WWII
In my presentation I analyze the role Veterans' organisations have played in forming the narrative of the Second World War in Finland and Germany.



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