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Wed 12 April
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    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 13 April
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Fri 14 April
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Wednesday 12 April 2023 16.30 - 18.30
J-4 ANT04 Greco-Roman Slavery: Intersecting Identities and Hierarchies
B34
Network: Antiquity Chair: Arja Karivieri
Organizers: Lisa Hagelin, Birgitta Sjöberg Leppänen, Hedvig von Ehrenheim Discussants: -
Moderators: -
Lisa Hagelin : Marriage and Fatherhood as Expressions of Status and Masculinity in Epitaphs of Roman Slaves and Freedmen
This paper explores how fatherhood and marriage can be used as a means to study how masculinity and hierarchy were constructed among male slaves and freedmen in the Late Republic and early Roman Empire. Roman slaves did not have the right over their own body and reproduction, as they could ... (Show more)
This paper explores how fatherhood and marriage can be used as a means to study how masculinity and hierarchy were constructed among male slaves and freedmen in the Late Republic and early Roman Empire. Roman slaves did not have the right over their own body and reproduction, as they could not engage in a marriage that was legally valid, and any children they might have were the property of the female slave’s owner. Nevertheless, slaves often commemorated family members in epitaphs, using terms such as mater (mother) pater (father) filius/a (son/daughter) even though legally they had no kin. The manumission gave the former slave the control of his body and with this came also the mastery of his own reproduction. Matrimony played a vital part in the constructions of masculinities in ancient societies: To be a man was to be able to form a legal marriage and to have legitimate children. Thus, if and when the slave was manumitted and obtained his freedom, he also achieved manhood. That the family was of crucial importance can be seen in the epigraphic material from Roman slaves and freedmen, where family relations are emphasized. (Show less)

Hedvig Landenius Enegren : Linear B do-e-ro and do-e-ra - a Tentative Intersectional Analysis
Michael Ventris' breakthrough decipherment of the Linear B script made it possible to gain information on many aspects of Mycenaean society. The Linear B texts reveal diverse sectors of the economy and individuals and groups of people involved in craft, military, landholding, ritual etc., but also social hierarchy. Within this ... (Show more)
Michael Ventris' breakthrough decipherment of the Linear B script made it possible to gain information on many aspects of Mycenaean society. The Linear B texts reveal diverse sectors of the economy and individuals and groups of people involved in craft, military, landholding, ritual etc., but also social hierarchy. Within this hierarchy the terms do-e-ro and do-e-ra are often seen as pertaining to male and female slave labour based on the ancient Greek term for slave, ??????. It is, however, not clear exactly what was intended with these terms in the Mycenaean era. We, more likely than not, look upon these individuals with modern day eyes and label them accordingly. The paper explores the intersections of Mycenaean society in which this labour occurs, as expressed in the Linear B tablets, and thus builds on earlier work undertaken in the field. (Show less)

Birgitta Sjöberg Leppänen : Private Space and Social Networks within Archaic-Classical Society
The aim of the paper is the ancient Greek society in the archaic and classical periods and how social identities when intersecting with materiality, structured behaviour and social networks within the private space. Societies have for long displayed gendered restrictions on use of urban public space, often regarded as masculinised ... (Show more)
The aim of the paper is the ancient Greek society in the archaic and classical periods and how social identities when intersecting with materiality, structured behaviour and social networks within the private space. Societies have for long displayed gendered restrictions on use of urban public space, often regarded as masculinised and associated with political and economic power whereas women have been related to the private, secluded space and domesticity. This relation between gender and use of space has also within studies on the ancient Greece society has until recently rotated these dichotomies. In order to understand the complexity of social order and division of labour this paper will focus gender and spatiality and construction of hierarchy within the context of private. The issue will be approached through a perspective where social norms are regarded as of significance in reconstructing and understanding social behaviour and interaction. The ideals and ideologies of the ancient Greek society as displayed in the source material will be of relevance for an understanding of the reality. To enhance the study theories developed within urban and feminist geographies will be applied. (Show less)

Hedvig von Ehrenheim : Slaves at Greek Sanctuaries: Refuge and Religion
Among others, Angelos Chaniotis and Christoph Auffarth have explored the ancient Greek right for slaves to seek asylum in sanctuaries. Slaves who could prove that they had been wronged or subject to extreme violence might be granted the right to change masters, or stay in the sanctuary as the property ... (Show more)
Among others, Angelos Chaniotis and Christoph Auffarth have explored the ancient Greek right for slaves to seek asylum in sanctuaries. Slaves who could prove that they had been wronged or subject to extreme violence might be granted the right to change masters, or stay in the sanctuary as the property of the god. Together with slaves donated to the sanctuary, and orphaned children left to the priests, they would form a group of slaves attending to the upkeep of the sanctuary. How would this new social inclusion alter their identities, and how would their religion as such change when stepping into the service of a deity? What little we might know of such questions will be discussed from epigraphical and literary testimonia. (Show less)



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