Preliminary Programme

Wed 12 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 13 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Fri 14 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 15 April
    08.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00

All days
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Wednesday 12 April 2023 16.30 - 18.30
H-4 CRI04 Outsiders before the Law
B32
Network: Criminal Justice Chairs: -
Organizers: Margo DeKoster, Jeannette Kamp Discussant: Joachim Eibach
Moderators: -
Margo DeKoster : 'Nights on Request’, Removing Local Nuisances and Arresting Masterless Strangers. The Policing of Vagrancy in Late-nineteenth-century Brussels and Antwerp
This paper examines everyday police control of "vagrants" in the cities of Antwerp and Brussels during the 1880s, drawing on a variety of archival sources that document everyday instructions by police chiefs and practices on the ground. We firstly aim to demonstrate that although the intensity of police control and ... (Show more)
This paper examines everyday police control of "vagrants" in the cities of Antwerp and Brussels during the 1880s, drawing on a variety of archival sources that document everyday instructions by police chiefs and practices on the ground. We firstly aim to demonstrate that although the intensity of police control and prosecution for vagrancy was significantly higher in Brussels, reflecting different concerns about mobile groups than in Antwerp, local authorities do not appear to have instructed their police forces to specifically target certain unwanted newcomers. Secondly, our evidence suggests that in both cities, patterns of police arrests for vagrancy can not be understood without taking bottom-up uses of the police by vulnerable groups into account. (Show less)

Jeannette Kamp : To the City and into Crime? A Comparative Perspective on Migrant and Local Offenders in 19th Century Rotterdam and Amsterdam
Nineteenth-century urbanization processes were met with fears about social disorder, immorality and crime. Contemporary observers blamed (rural) migrants for these problems. Over the past decades, migration historians have disqualified the picture of the uprooted rural migrant. Yet, these insights have hardly led to new questions about the relationship between migrants ... (Show more)
Nineteenth-century urbanization processes were met with fears about social disorder, immorality and crime. Contemporary observers blamed (rural) migrants for these problems. Over the past decades, migration historians have disqualified the picture of the uprooted rural migrant. Yet, these insights have hardly led to new questions about the relationship between migrants and marginal behavior in this period. While studies have shown that evidence of rising crime in new urbanizing centers is mixed at best, only few have scratched beyond the surface of aggregated crime rates and studied the profile of offenders within this period. Questions about overrepresentation of newcomers, uprootedness or integration in the urban fabric, distinct criminal behavioral patterns or cultures, still remain relevant even if criminal cases did not rise. In order to shed light on these questions, this paper analyzes the background of criminal defendants in Amsterdam in the second half of the nineteenth century. It investigates if a shift was visible in the criminal population before, during and after the peak of the urbanization process in terms of types of crime, origin, profession etc. (Show less)

Jasper Segerink : Containing the Flow. Monitoring and Controlling Mobility in the Accommodation Sector, Antwerp (1850-1914)
The presence of highly mobile groups has always spurred moral and social anxieties among urban authorities. Yet, as the session organisers rightly point out, their everyday experiences with the criminal justice system are still largely unexplored. This paper will investigate practices of police control and conflict mediation of mobile groups ... (Show more)
The presence of highly mobile groups has always spurred moral and social anxieties among urban authorities. Yet, as the session organisers rightly point out, their everyday experiences with the criminal justice system are still largely unexplored. This paper will investigate practices of police control and conflict mediation of mobile groups in the accommodation sector of late nineteenth century Antwerp. It argues that the various lodging houses, inns and hotels were particular foci for police control on these mobile groups. The geographical dispersion of these hubs across the entire urban fabric especially challenged the existing social order, particularly in times of epidemics and political or economic crises. Investigating the layered and socially diverse practices of control on these spaces not only allows to rethink urban authorities’ perceptions on their city, but also offers us a clear entry point into everyday police-control on a floating population passing through. (Show less)

Maïté Van Vyve : In Hot Pursuit. Chasing the Trail of Migrants from the Tsarist Empire by the Belgian and Russian Police (1880-1914)
This contribution examines how the Ochranka, in cooperation with the Belgian police, tried to get a grip on the mobility of so-called undesirable migrants from the Tsarist Empire in Belgian cities and how they, in turn, tried to escape control at the end of the nineteenth century. Through exploration of ... (Show more)
This contribution examines how the Ochranka, in cooperation with the Belgian police, tried to get a grip on the mobility of so-called undesirable migrants from the Tsarist Empire in Belgian cities and how they, in turn, tried to escape control at the end of the nineteenth century. Through exploration of several cases of these alleged criminals, it aims to shed light on how these authorities, restricted by their jurisdiction, were confronted by an increasingly mobile group of unwanted migrants. (Show less)



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