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Wednesday 4 April 2018 11.00 - 13.00
A-2 - MAT04 : Global Goods in Early Modern Europe
LAN/OG/049 Lanyon Building
Networks: Material and Consumer Culture , World History Chair: Janine Maegraith
Organizers: Christine Fertig, John JordanDiscussant: Lex Heerma van Voss
Henning Bovenkerk : Cupboards, Clothes and Crockery. Material Culture and Consumer Revolution in 18th Century (Northwestern Germany )
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Christine Fertig : Sweet Coffee, Pretty Scarves: Global Goods and Rural Households in 19th Century (Northwestern Germany)
In the history of early globalization, German territories are yet to receive significant scholarly attention. Early modern German states were not global or colonial powers, and there was no state-entrepreneurial institution like the VOC or BEIC. Nonetheless, German regions participated in international and global markets, as providers – for example ... (Show more)
In the history of early globalization, German territories are yet to receive significant scholarly attention. Early modern German states were not global or colonial powers, and there was no state-entrepreneurial institution like the VOC or BEIC. Nonetheless, German regions participated in international and global markets, as providers – for example of protoindustrial linen fabrics – and as consumers, as we can observe in Hamburg’s toll registers. Coffee and sugar, combined to a bitter-sweet, mildly psycho-tropic beverage, became important import commodities with considerable growth rates during 18th century. Other colonial goods like tobacco or spices show slower, but still remarkable growth rates, whereas tea or cacao obviously were of minor importance.

The paper will analyse the occurrence and significance of foreign and exotic commodities in Northwestern Germany, with specific focus on the countryside, in 18th and 19th centuries. We will use probate inventories and housekeeping books to study the emergence of foreign commodities and equipment related to consumption of these. Journals of merchants are a second type of source materials. They are informative sources for the increase of new goods and the scope of their penetration into not only urban, but also rural societies. The paper aims at presenting first results of a larger research project on early modern consumer society in Northwestern Germany. (Show less)

Josef Loeffler : Material Culture and Consumption of Austrian Aristocrats in Religious Exile in the 17th Century
In the 17th century under the pressure of recatholicization, numerous Austrian noble families emigrated outside the area of influence of the Catholic sovereign to Protestant territories in the Holy Roman Empire. In integrating to new living environments, personal, sentimental or family-specific attachments to objects of material culture received a special ... (Show more)
In the 17th century under the pressure of recatholicization, numerous Austrian noble families emigrated outside the area of influence of the Catholic sovereign to Protestant territories in the Holy Roman Empire. In integrating to new living environments, personal, sentimental or family-specific attachments to objects of material culture received a special meaning. Objects are accompanied by human practices and actions that create social networks, human-object-relationships and social spaces. They are given different meanings in different contexts, which can be made visible through the contextualization of the objects.
The aim of this paper is to examine the role that luxury goods and things of everyday use played for aristocratic migrants in positioning themselves in the socio-spatial environment in exile and in relations with their peers or relatives at home. It investigates the meaning and the perception of things in representation of aristocratic life style, in the context of religious-political convictions and at specific life stations, such as baptisms, weddings or funerals. Furthermore, the paper will analyse the importance of things and consumer goods for the maintenance of networks to the region of origin of the aristocrats. The main sources of the research project are inventories, correspondences and family books. (Show less)