To bring together scholars who explain historical phenomena using the methods of the social sciences

Programme

Wed 4 April
    8.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 5 April
    8.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30
    19.00 - 20.15
    20.30 - 22.00

Fri 6 April
    8.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 7 April
    8.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.00 - 17.00

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Wednesday 4 April 2018 11.00 - 13.00
J-2 - URB02 : Shaping the City
MST/OG/010 Main Site Tower
Network: Urban Chair: David Do Paço
Organizers: -Discussants: -
Ros Costelo : Constructing the Ideal City: Public Works and Spain´s Sanitation Policy in the Philippines in the Nineteenth Century
Nineteenth century Philippines is characterized by a significant increase in the attempts of Spain to bring in the forces of modernization to one of its last colonies in the Pacific. In 1866, a new colonial institution was even created in the Philippines to administer the construction of public works (e.g. ... (Show more)
Nineteenth century Philippines is characterized by a significant increase in the attempts of Spain to bring in the forces of modernization to one of its last colonies in the Pacific. In 1866, a new colonial institution was even created in the Philippines to administer the construction of public works (e.g. waterworks system, sewage, roads, etc.). This institution was the Inspección General de Obras Públicas de Filipinas. Many of the public works were projects that intended to solve the problems and challenges of an urbanizing Manila, the colony´s capital.

Using primary sources in the archives in Spain and the Philippines, this paper seeks to answer the following questions. How did the public works in the nineteenth century reflect the Spanish colonial policy of spatial lay-out, sanitation, public health, and social control? How did these projects reflect the colonizer´s ideas of urbanization and space? Finally, how did the colonial public works became sites of contention and negotiation between the colonizer and the colonized. (Show less)

Mika Mäkelä : Urban Renewal of Helsinki´s Kallio District between the 1930s and 1980s
This paper explores the urban renewal taken place after World War II in the district of Kallio in Helsinki – the demolition and new construction of the old wooden house worker’s residence district.

The main actors in the renewal process were city of Helsinki building multiple bureaus and Helsinki City ... (Show more)
This paper explores the urban renewal taken place after World War II in the district of Kallio in Helsinki – the demolition and new construction of the old wooden house worker’s residence district.

The main actors in the renewal process were city of Helsinki building multiple bureaus and Helsinki City Theatre (1964), public organisations building offices, headquarters and flats as well as construction companies developing their plots. In my paper, I will analyse the importance of the different actors in the renewal and the actors connections to each other. I will also analyse how the authority of the ruling communal parties affected the renewal process.

Another point of view is to analyse the influence that the neighbouring country Sweden had in the city planning and especially city renewal in Finland. What were the Swedish models for renewal of the city and how was this implicated in the district of Kallio? I will also analyse the relations between the Finnish and Swedish architects. In addition, the paper will explain the Finnish features in the city renewal using Kallio district as an example. (Show less)