To bring together scholars who explain historical phenomena using the methods of the social sciences

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Wed 4 April
    8.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Thu 5 April
    8.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30
    19.00 - 20.15
    20.30 - 22.00

Fri 6 April
    8.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.30 - 18.30

Sat 7 April
    8.30 - 10.30
    11.00 - 13.00
    14.00 - 16.00
    16.00 - 17.00

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Friday 6 April 2018 8.30 - 10.30
Z-9 - SOC10a : The Co-Constitution of Public and Private Actors (I): Building the Field of Social Protection in the 19th and 20th Centuries
Music Lecture Theatre School of Music
Network: Social Inequality Chair: Fabio Giomi
Organizers: Fabio Giomi, Célia Keren, Morgane LabbéDiscussant: Morgane Labbé
Efi Avdela : “Hand in Hand for the Welfare of Others?”. Voluntary Associations and the State in Twentieth–Century Greece
Following recent conceptualizations of the state as a field of relations, I will focus on three different instances of dynamic synergy between public and private actors for the purpose of social provision, from the interwar, the war and the postwar periods. I contend that these examples show how in particular ... (Show more)
Following recent conceptualizations of the state as a field of relations, I will focus on three different instances of dynamic synergy between public and private actors for the purpose of social provision, from the interwar, the war and the postwar periods. I contend that these examples show how in particular circumstances the agency of individual or collective, public or private actors created fields of relations that transcended the boundaries between state and society, public and private, and sometimes even seemed to be ‘performing’ the state. State or statutory officials and volunteers, men and women of various specializations and expertise or simply motivated by the drive of making a disinterested contribution, undertook in different historical moments a wide range of concerted initiatives aiming at overcoming the inadequacies of the anaemic state social provisional structures. The specific ways in which they replaced, produced, invoked, at times resisted or interconnected with state actors went far beyond clientism, the dominant explanatory model of Greek political relations. At the same time, their traces refute the repeated laments about the supposedly weak civil society in this country. These initiatives, in which the state is actually performed by private actors, constitute the particularly idiosyncratic version of the Greek social and political space of social provision throughout the century. This approach ‘from below’ drawn from earlier periods of the twentieth century can help us better assess the recent reconfigurations of these boundaries in our own time. (Show less)

Axelle Brodiez-Dolino : The Contemporary Extension of the Field of Social Aid: a Public-Private Interaction (France, 1980s-2010s)
Eighteen “social minima incomes” at least can be identified in France from 1905 to 2016; among them, only three have been voted before 1975. But in the meantime, associative action has also been constantly growing. This gives an idea of the huge extension of the field of social protection during ... (Show more)
Eighteen “social minima incomes” at least can be identified in France from 1905 to 2016; among them, only three have been voted before 1975. But in the meantime, associative action has also been constantly growing. This gives an idea of the huge extension of the field of social protection during the last forty years. Far from being a “zero-sum game”, the recent evolution of the field of social protection in France cannot be understood on a constant perimeter basis.
The aim of this paper is to focus on two specific subfields and gradations of the “social question”. The first one is homelessness, or “social emergency”, with the considerable development since the 1980s of emergency accommodation centers, the invention of day care shelters, the “Samusocial” and the “115” phone number, infirmary beds, family pensions, etc. The second one is the insertion of people living in poverty and/or precariousness – in particular through housing (housing centers for families, “very social housing”, etc.) and employment policies (“integration by economic activity”, Zero Long-Term Unemployed Territories project, etc.).
These two major areas of the “social question” make it possible to better understand the very impressive contemporary growth of “public devices”, most often by invention by private actors and then generalization, funding and legalization by public authorities – but remaining mainly managed by associations. In this sense, the word of the founder of Secours Catholique français, according to which “today’s charity is the policy of tomorrow”, is much more relevant to characterize the last decades of the economic and social crisis, than for that of the beginning of the “Glorious Thirty” when it was enunciated. But the price to pay for those associations that wish to finance their experiments is a major professionalization and a necessary “neutralization”, both political and religious. (Show less)

Joelle Droux : A Quintessential Mixed Economy? Enduring Boundaries of Private and Public Collaboration in Swiss Child Welfare (1910-1970)
The aim of this paper is to analyze the history of Swiss child welfare public policies in the light of the collaborations between private and public actors. Based essentially on the case of the canton of Geneva, the paper will study how the field of socio-educational action aimed at both ... (Show more)
The aim of this paper is to analyze the history of Swiss child welfare public policies in the light of the collaborations between private and public actors. Based essentially on the case of the canton of Geneva, the paper will study how the field of socio-educational action aimed at both the dangerous child and the child in danger was structured at the beginning of the 20th century on a collaborative dynamics between state agents and services (case detection; civil and criminal courts) and private institutions or actors (ensuring the implementation of court decisions). While other fields of social action have seen the role of the private sector decline after the Second World War, in favor of increasing state intervention (in particular with the establishment of social Security systems and social insurance) the field of child welfare effectively resisted this process on a long-term basis. This paper will endeavor to understand how private actors embedded in public policies of child welfare (and especially the educational institutions dedicated to young people in difficulty) have been able to maintain a virtual monopoly on the institutional treatment of children of justice (deployment of new associative actors, discursive categorization of children as “abandoned”, medicalization of the offer, collaboration in the training of professional educators, invention and promotion of new “semi-parental” institutional forms ). All these features were instrumental in buttressing the role of the private sector as a privileged partner of official services, until the mounting pressure of the 1960’s social movement which contributed to question the basis of its monopoly and open up new and shifting boundaries of collaboration with public agents. (Show less)